Characteristics Of A Good Steel Wire Rope

steel wire rope

Characteristics Of A Good Steel Wire Rope

It is critical to evaluate the application’s different characteristics when choosing the appropriate steel wire rope and then priorities these properties. It is also crucial to be informed of the applicable rules and regulations. 

Tensile Strength

The tensile strength of a steel wire rope is determined by its size, wire tensile strength, and structure. The Randers Reb product catalogue lists the minimum guaranteed tensile strength for several rope types.

A steel wire rope should never be exposed to a load greater than 50% of its breaking strength.

Abrasion Resistance

Steel wire ropes with thick outside wires are abrasion-resistant. Lang lay ropes are more resistant to abrasion than standard lay steel wire ropes. Wires with higher tensile strength may also help to improve abrasion resistance.

Bending Fatigue Resistance

The strand’s bending fatigue resistance and flexibility increase as the number of wires increases. Lang lay steel wire ropes are more resistant to bending fatigue than standard lay steel wire ropes. 

Resistance To Corrosion

Wires that are galvanized and rustproof provide high corrosion resistance. Corrosion resistance may also be improved by lubricating with specific kinds of grease or oil. It is recommended that strands with thick outer wires be used if the steel wire rope is exposed to severe corrosive effects.


Steel wire ropes with fewer wires, the most excellent elasticity modulus. Therefore, this steel wire rope is perfect for manropes. However, it cannot be used to run over sheaves or blocks. Thus, 6×7 or 6×19 steel wire rope, either with a steel core or with specific unique constructions, should be utilised if just a modest degree of elongation is needed while passing over sheaves.

The Standard For Rotation Resistance

Steel wire rope with a regular lay offers more resistance to rotation than steel wire rope with a lay. A steel wire rope with a steel core spins slower than one with a fibre core. Low-rotation and rotation-resistant steel wire rope is the kind of rope that offers the most resistance to rotation.

Crushing Resistance

A steel core offers more excellent strand stability than a fibre core, which is why a steel wire rope with a steel core has a lower chance of flattening. In addition, flattening/crushing resistance is higher in strands with fewer, thicker wires. 

Resistance To Vibrations

Vibrations transmit shock waves through the steel wire rope from wherever they originate, absorbed by the steel wire rope at some point. In certain instances, they cause localised destruction of the steel wire rope. This may happen, for example, when the steel wire rope meets a sheaf/block or enters the drum, as well as at the end terminals. Steel wire ropes with the highest flexibility also have the highest vibration resistance in general.

Resistance To Pulsation

Variations in the tension of a steel wire rope may decrease its life expectancy depending on the magnitude and frequency of the changes. Steel wire ropes with the highest elasticity, in general, can handle intermittent loads better. However, end terminals or fittings should be used with caution, as their pulsation resistance is just as essential as choosing the appropriate steel wire rope.